Institutional Research, Planning and Effectiveness

Troy University Proficiency Profile Annual Report

Proficiency Profile 2012-2013

Summary and Details

The Proficiency Profile test is designed to evaluate the performance of the university’s general studies program. It is assumed that by the end of the sophomore year the typical student has taken the majority of their general studies classes. The test is designed to highlight any changes that need to be made to improve the general studies experience or to fill in any holes there may be in the general studies experience. The school is not interested so much in individual scores as in the overall scores of the students in different areas. That is the reason the Proficiency Profile test is given at the end of the sophomore year. Associates take the test after completion of 48 hours and prior to graduation (exit exam), and bachelors 60-89 hours. The Proficiency Profile test was referred to as the "Rising Junior" test at one time. You may view the Proficiency Profile Annual Report below or download a PDF file of the report by clicking this link.

Extreme Values in this report are ranked in terms of highest to lowest. Total Score is a value of 500 and the lowest
is 400 this shows that our student population represents the full scale of the test.
The results represents all of Alabama with the exception of E-Campus.

Extreme ValuesMaximumMinimum
Total Score500400
Critical Thinking128100
Social Sciences128100
Natural Sciences130100
NRangeMinimumMaximumSumMeanStd. DeviationVarianceSkewness
StatisticStatisticStatisticStatisticStatisticStatisticStatisticStatisticStatisticStd. Error
Total Score722100400500316785438.7619.823392.956.652.091
Critical Thinking7222810012879716110.416.21038.567.654.091
Social Sciences7222810012880824111.943.36240.480.433.091
Natural Sciences7223010013082401114.136.50242.273.213.091
Valid N (listwise)722
Total Score722100.0%00.0%722100.0%
Critical Thinking722100.0%00.0%722100.0%
Social Sciences722100.0%00.0%722100.0%
Natural Sciences722100.0%00.0%722100.0%
Total ScoreCritical ThinkingReadingWritingMathematicsHumanitiesSocial SciencesNatural Sciences
Std. Deviation 19.823 6.210 7.574 5.410 6.129 6.561 6.362 6.502
Median 435.00 109.00 115.00 114.00 110.00 113.00 112.00 114.00
Grouped Median 434.83 109.44 115.43 113.94 109.81 113.16 111.26 113.87
Std. Error of Mean .738 .231 .282 .201 .228 .244 .237 .242
Sum 3316785 79716 83585 82083 80305 82301 80824 82401
Minimum 400 100 100 100 100 100 100 100
Maximum 500 128 130 130 130 130 128 130
Range 100 28 30 30 30 30 28 30
Variance 392.956 38.567 57.364 29.272 37.570 43.053 40.480 42.273
Kurtosis .088 -.037 -.929 .041 .259 -.594 -.521 -.381
Std. Error or Kurtosis .182 .182 .182 .182 .182 .182 .182 .182
Skewness .652 .654 .035 -.259 .805 .348 .433 .213
Std. Error of Skewness .091 .091 .091 .091 .091 .091 .091 .091
Harmonic Mean 437.89 110.07 115.26 113.43 110.90 113.62 111.59 113.76
Geometric Mean 438.32 110.24 115.51 113.56 111.06 113.80 111.477 113.94
% of Total Sum 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
% of Total N 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0% 100.0%
Mean 439.49 110.61 115.98 113.91 111.44 114.21 112.12 114.32
N 704 704 704 704 704 704 704 704
Std. Deviation 19.476 6.145 7.473 5.243 6.040 6.471 6.312 6.410
Troy University Alabama Proficiency Profile scores have an increase of .3% from years 2011-2012 to 2012-2013.

Mean, Arithmetic mean.
The sum of a list of numbers, divided by the number of numbers. See also average.

"Middle value" of a list. The smallest number such that at least half the numbers in the list are no greater than it. If the list has an odd number of entries, the median is the middle entry in the list after sorting the list into increasing order. If the list has an even number of entries, the median is the smaller of the two middle numbers after sorting. The median can be estimated from a histogram by finding the smallest number such that the area under the histogram to the left of that number is 50%.

Standard Deviation (SD).
The standard deviation of a set of numbers is the rms of the set of deviations between each element of the set and the mean of the set. See also sample standard deviation.

Sample Sum.
The sum of a random sample from a population. The expected value of the sample sum is the sample size times the population mean. For sampling with replacement, the SE of the sample sum is the population standard deviation, times the square-root of the sample size. For sampling without replacement, the SE of the sample sum is the finite-population correction ((N−n)/(N−1))½ times the SE of the sample sum for sampling with replacement, with N the size of the population and n the size of the sample.

Kurtosis tells you how tall and sharp the central peak is, relative to a standard bell curve.

Variance, population variance.
The variance of a list is the square of the standard deviation of the list, that is, the average of the squares of the deviations of the numbers in the list from their mean. The variance of a random variable X, Var(X), is the expected value of the squared difference between the variable and its expected value: Var(X) = E((X − E(X))2). The variance of a random variable is the square of the standard error (SE) of the variable.

Harmonic mean (sometimes called the subcontrary mean) is one of several kinds of average. Typically, it is appropriate for situations when the average of rates is desired.

The harmonic mean H of the positive real numbers x1, x2, ..., xn > 0 is defined to be

Geometric Distribution.
The geometric distribution describes the number of trials up to and including the first success, in independent trials with the same probability of success. The geometric distribution depends only on the single parameter p, the probability of success in each trial. For example, the number of times one must toss a fair coin until the first time the coin lands heads has a geometric distribution with parameter p = 50%. The geometric distribution assigns probability p×(1 − p)k−1to the event that it takes k trials to the first success. The expected value of the geometric distribution is 1/p, and its SE is (1−p)½/p.

Geometric Mean.
The geometric mean of n numbers {x1, x2, x3, …, xn} is the nth root of their product:
(x1×x2×x3× … ×xn)1/n.

According to the ETS Proficiency Profile the national mean for Proficiency Profile exams is 443.2. Troy University Alabama campuses are achieving a mean of 438.76 putting Troy University in the 50th percentile. A difference of 3.73 between Troy University and the national mean.

Proficiency Profile
Troy University is presently using the Measure of Academic Proficiency and Progress (Proficiency Profile) examination as one measure of effectiveness of the University’s general studies program. For additional information regarding this examination, please call 334-808-6351 or email

Major Field Test (MFT)
Major Field Tests (MFT) are used in some academic programs as one measure of the effectiveness of the program. For information regarding Major Field Tests (MFT) contact the appropriate person in the following list:

Major Contact
Criminal Justice
Political Science
Psychology (PSY 4480)
Andy Williamson
Phone: (334) 808-6351
Business Wendy Bailey
Phone: (334) 808-6327
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