Index to the Ursula McCall Interview,

Veterans History Project Collection,

Record Group 024

Date processed:   5-2005
Processed By:
M. Olliff

NARRATOR:  Ursula McCall

BIOGRAPHY:  Mrs. McCall was born on September 15, 1936, in Wutha, Germany.  Her father was a pilot in the Luftwaffe during World War 2 while her mother was secretary for the German military.  She married an American soldier in 1976 and immigrated with him to the United States.  

Birthdate:  September 15, 1936

SPOUSE:  Jesse E. McCall, Jr (deceased)

Occupation:  Retired

INTERVIEWER: Barbara Whorley

DATE:  July 22, 2003

PLACE:  Enterprise, Alabama

GENERAL TOPIC OF INTERVIEW:  Childhood experiences in Germany during World War 2.  Education during World War 2.  Family life during World War 2.  General knowledge of political situation.


INDEX

No. of tapes: 1

No. of sides:  2

Length of tape: 60 minutes

Initials

Side

Counter

TOPIC OF DISCUSSION

UM

1

002

Introduction

UM

1

004

Birthplace and birthdate:  Wutha, Germany 1936

UM

1

011

Parents:  Günter Feek and Gertrud Baumbach Feek

UM

1

051

Family history:  Mrs. McCall had a sister which was born in 1938 but died in 1939.  Her Father served as a pilot in the German Luftwaffe in Africa while her mother was forced to work for the military on the home front.

UM

1

094

First memories of the war:  Many people dying.  Starting school in 1942 and forgetting to say HEIL HITLER.

UM

1

169

Childhood memories:  All the children went to school.  School was not very regular.  A few hours in the morning and then perhaps a few in the afternoon.

UM

1

196

Responsibilities of a Mother:  Most children ate at school during the day.  In the evening the mother made dinner.  Food was mostly supplied through one’s own garden and clothes were also home made.

UM

1

235

Summer Vacations:  The summers were usually spent catching potato bugs.

UM

1

270

Hitler Youth:  Mrs. McCall never belonged to the Hitler Youth.  She was too young, but  her family did have a Youth live with them.

UM

1

296

The food supply:  Since food was rationed, her mother sold clothes for food.

UM

1

316

Black market:  Mrs. McCall feels that this was the worst thing, but everyone ate.  The hardest thing about it was the inflation and change in currency.

UM

1

362

The end of the war:  Mrs. McCall’s family moved into what would become the Russian sector after British soldiers took over her families home. Eventually, the family fled again into what became known as the American sector.

UM

2

425

The differences between the sectors:  The individuals that lived in the Russian sector suffered more than anyone else until the fall of the wall in 1989.

UM

2

478

The Berlin Wall:  The wall was put up to keep individuals from leaving the Russian sector. Mrs. McCall recalls several incidence of individuals losing their lives in an attempt to escape.

UM

2

503

The difficulty of legally traveling out of the Russian sector:  Only individuals over the age of 60 were allowed to leave. The residence below the age were considered part of the work force and therefore vital to the economy.

UM

2

560

The importance of the American military in the rebuilding of Germany:  Mrs. McCall feels that the most important thing accomplished were protection from communism and economic boost.

UM

2

581

Combining the American and German culture:  Most Americans tried to socialize especially with children. Many soldiers offered special treats that were only available to Americans.

UM

2

640

Things worth remembering by future generations:  The punishments that children had to endure.  The things that really happened to their grandmothers and great-grandmothers.

UM

2

679

The feeling of the past:  Mrs. McCall feels that the World War II time period was a hard one, but it was the only childhood she had and therefore chooses to remember the good.

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