Biology Courses (BIO)

BIO 5505
Entomology (3)
  A study of the orders of insects with the emphasis on morphology, taxonomy, and life cycles. Prerequisites: General Biology. Co-requisite: BIO L505
BIO L505
Entomology Lab (1)
  A study of morphology, classification, and identification of insects. A collection is required. Co-requisite: BIO 5505
BIO 5513
Limnology (3)
  A study of the physical, chemical, geological, and biological aspects of freshwater ecosystems as influenced by activities in surrounding watersheds. Prerequisites: general biology, general ecology, general chemistry. Co-requisite: BIO L513
BIO L513
Limnology Lab (1)
  Field and laboratory exercises in lake and stream science, including instrumentation, measurement, sampling, and analysis. Co-requisite: BIO 5513
BIO 5514
Food Microbiology (3)
  This course focuses on topics in microbial metabolism, food spoilage, food preservation techniques, and foodborne pathogens and their control. Some molecular techniques will be introduced. Prerequisites: BIO 3372/L372. Corequisite: BIO L514.
BIO L514
Food Microbiology Lab (3)
  This lab focuses on advanced microbiological laboratory techniques including enumeration and analysis of bacteria in food, water, and dairy products. Prerequisites: BIO 3372/L372. Corequisite: BIO 5514.
BIO 5516
Microbial Ecology (3)
  A study of the taxonomy, diversity, and ecology of microbial populations in ecosystems, with the emphasis on the roles that they play in biogeochemical cycles, their contributions to metabolic diversity, their interactions with animals and plants, their niches and bioremediation. Prerequisites: microbiology, organic chemistry. Co-requisite: BIO L516
BIO L516
Microbial Ecology Lab (1)
  Microbial ecology laboratory techniques including isolation, identification, and enumeration of micro-organisms from aquatic and terrestrial environments. Co-requisite: BIO 5516
BIO 5520
Field Vertebrate Zoology (4)
  A study of the basics of vertebrate identification, with emphasis on phylogeny, anatomy, morphology, life histories, habitats, distributions, and conservation. Prerequisites: General Biology, General Chemistry
BIO 5521
Population Ecology (3)
  This course covers animal and plant populations, food supply, competition, disease, fecundity, distribution, and other environmental factors. Management of endangered species and protected ecosystems are included. Prerequisites: General Ecology, Genetics, General Chemistry, Statistics. Co-requisite: BIO L521
BIO L521
Population Ecology Lab (1)
  Field exercises in identifying ecological problems, formulating and testing hypotheses, and evaluating data using standard statistical methods. Co-requisite: BIO 5521
BIO 5525
Field Botany (4)
  A survey of vascular plants from different habitats in southeast Alabama. Principles of plant taxonomy, including history and systems of classification and nomenclature, the use of dichotomous keys, and general herbarium techniques. Emphasis is placed on plant identification and habitat types. Prerequisites: General Biology, General Ecology. See semester hour limits listed under Course Restrictions in General Regulations section.
BIO 5547
Ornithology (3)
  A study of the morphology, anatomy, physiology, taxonomy, life histories, distribution, and adaptations of birds. Prerequisites: General Biology, General Ecology. Co-requisite: BIO L547
BIO L547
Ornithology Lab (1)
  A study of the structural features, identification, and classification of birds. Co-requisite: BIO 5547
BIO 5550
Environmental History (3)
  An introduction to environmental history of the United States from the 18th century to the late 20th century, emphasizing the post WWII period. The course will focus on the historical development of the science of ecology, the origins of environmental problems and solutions attempted by government and experts, and responses by grassroots activists over time. Prerequisite: Graduate standing at Troy University.
BIO 5551
Toxicology (3)
  A study of the principles related to the adverse effects of chemicals on living organisms. Prerequisite: Organic Chemistry, Anatomy and Physiology. Co-requisite: BIO L551
BIO L551
Toxicology Lab (1)
  An assessment of terrestrial and aquatic toxicity of chemical agents following standard protocols. Co-requisite: BIO 5551
BIO 5771
Parasitology (3)
  This course covers the taxonomy, structure, life histories, distribution, pathogenesis, and control of parasitic protozoa, helminths, and arthropods, with the emphasis on those of medical importance. Prerequisites: Any 3000-level BIO lecture and lab. Co-requisite: BIO L571
BIO L571
Parasitology Lab (1)
  A laboratory study of parasitic protozoa, helminths, and arthropods, with the emphasis on those of medical importance. Co-requisite: BIO 5571
BIO 5576
Special Topics (1-4)
  Specialized topics not generally included in course offerings. Prerequisite: Permission of instructor
BIO 5579
Environmental Assessment (3)

An examination of theory and practices required in performing stream environmental assessment as currently practiced by state and federal agencies in their attempt to preserve biological integrity. Sustainable management of natural resources and a systems approach to environmental problem solving will be emphasized. Topics covered include water quality, habitat assessment, indicator species used in ecological inventory with a concentration on macro invertebrate and fish assemblages, and the index of biological integrity. Prerequisites: BIO 1101/L101; 2202/L202 or 2229/L229. Corequisite: BIO L579.

BIO L579
Environmental Assessment Lab (1)
  Laboratory instruction and hands-on field training regarding stream environmental assessment as currently practiced by state agencies in their attempt to preserve biological integrity. Topics covered include measurement of water quality, habitat, and practice sampling techniques, with a concentration on fish and macro invertebrate assemblages. In addition, students will learn the use of the index of biological integrity using their own collections of fish assemblages. . Prerequisites: BIO 1101/L101; 2202/L202 or 2229/L229. Corequisite: BIO 5579.
BIO 5580
Histology (3)
  A study of the microscopic anatomy and function of cell types and tissues of mammalian organs. Prerequisite: general biology. Co-requisite: BIO L580
BIO L580
Histology Lab (1)
  A study of the microscopic anatomy of cell types and tissues of mammalian organs. Co-requisite: BIO 5580
BIO 5582
Molecular Biology (3)
  The study of the fundamental principles of chromosomal organization and gene expression, with emphasis on the structure and function of nucleic acids and proteins. Prerequisites: Genetics, Microbiology, Organic Chemistry. Co-requisite: BIO L582
BIO L582
Molecular Biology Lab (1)
  Experimental approaches in molecular analyses of nucleic acids and proteins, with the emphasis placed on common techniques utilized in clinical and research settings. Co-requisite: BIO 5582
BIO 5592
Guided Independent Research (1-4)
  Additional information is indexed under “Guided Independent Research and Study.”
BIO 5594
Guided Independent Study (1-4 )
  Additional information is indexed under “Guided Independent Research and Study.”
BIO 6601
Environmental and Biological Ethics (3)
  Examination of major ethical theories as they apply to environmental, biological, and medical issues. The linkage of ethics to decision-making in social, public, and business policy. Course develops skills in understanding value systems and framing ethical positions.
BIO 6603
Environmental Management (3)
  Concepts and practices underlying procedures for environmental resource management, including planning, organizing, and conducting programs.
BIO 6610
Principles and Methods for the Teaching Assistant (1-2)
  This course will provide each student with significant “hands-on” experiences in college level instruction and develop the knowledge and skills teachers need to implement inquiry-based instruction. Students will work under the direct mentorship and supervision of the course instructor and will be trained in techniques, current presentations, and teaching methods of laboratory-based biology. (Students seeking one (1) semester hour credit will be required to assist in one laboratory course. Students seeking two (2) semester hours credit will be required to assist in two laboratory courses or laboratory courses with multiple sections.)
BIO 6611
Global Pollution and International Environmental Policy (3)
  An examination of global environmental issues, such as global climate change, ozone depletion, and acid precipitation. This course also deals with alter native in developing global policies and treaties to address these problems.
BIO 6612
Environmental Impact Studies and Risk Management (3)
  An examination of practices used in analysis of land, water, and air to determine the impact of human activities such as construction, mining, clearing, and industrial operation. Planning approaches and eco logical constraints, economic evaluation, and quantitative approaches to predict impact.
BIO 6617, 6618
Seminar in Environmental and Biological Sciences (1)
  Presentations on interdisciplinary principles and concepts, current issues, and new studies and research from a variety of fields, with environmental science serving as a unifying theme. Faculty members and outside speakers will present guest lecturers. Candidates for the master’s degree in the thesis option will present their research findings and conclusions.
BIO 6621
Environmental Toxicology (3)
  This course is a foundation for scientific decision-making involving contaminants and their effects on biological systems. It covers the basic principles of environmental toxicology including bioaccumulation, the biological effects of toxicants from the molecular to global level of organization, and a basic understanding of the risk of environmental pollutants and the science of risk assessment. Prerequisites: Eight semester hours or equivalent of chemistry
BIO 6624
Public Health (3)
  The impact of the environment on humans as well as the human impact on the environment serve as the dual focus of this course. Environmental agents of physical, chemical, and biological nature with adverse effect on human health will be considered. The physiological, molecular, cellular, genetic, and biochemical mechanisms of action of environmental carcinogens, toxins, pollutant, and other disease-causing environmental agents and the interaction of various environmental agents with biological systems will be addressed.
BIO 6625, 6626
Specialized Study in Biology (1-4)
  The student has the opportunity to engage in intensive study of a particular subject or learn a pertinent skill, which fits his/her academic and/or professional needs but is not available in the regular curriculum. This study may include educational activities or training outside of the University. The student will follow the guidelines that the Department established for the supervision and the pursuance of this study. Requires approval of the student’s adviser and chairs.
BIO 6630
Pollution Science (3)
  A study of pollution of atmosphere, surface water, and soil and groundwater from animate activities and inanimate processes. Adverse effects, fate, and transport of pollutants in air, soil, and water. Prerequisite: general chemistry.
BIO L630
Pollution Science Lab (1)
  Theory and analytical techniques used in both field and laboratory for the analysis of air, water, and soil contaminants. Prerequisite: general chemistry
BIO 6650
Spatial Analysis Using Geographical Information Systems (3)
  A graduate level GIS course geared for beginners that presents the understanding behind the four functional and physical components of a GIS: data input; storage and retrieval; manipulation; and data output. Multiple GIS applications are also discussed. Prerequisites: BIO 6630, BIO L630, or permission of chair. Co-requisite: BIO L650
BIO L650
Spatial Analysis Using Geographical Information Systems Lab (1)
  This lab is intended for average computer users with little or no experience in ArcView GIS or any other GIS software. At the end of the labs, students will be able to use ArcView to view, query, analyze, chart, and map geographic data. Co-requisite: BIO 6650.
BIO 6655
Clinical Biochemistry (3)
  This course is the discipline of pathology (or laboratory medicine) that is concerned with the detection and measurement of biochemical changes in disease. This course will give a succinct overview, the “big picture”, and relevance of biochemistry and essential pathways that regulate and affect various disorders. Discussion of potential targets for research and drug development through the use of case studies will be included. Prerequisites: Cell Biology/Lab, General Chemistry/Lab, Genetics or equivalent, or by permission of instructor.
BIO 6660
Issues in Aquatic Ecology (3)
  Case studies on the overexploitation and degradation of aquatic ecosystems and their resources, with a primary focus on freshwater systems. Prerequisite: An undergraduate ecology course is highly recommended.
BIO 6661
Conservation Biology (3)
  Examination of the principles, practices, and philosophy of measuring, maintaining, and enhancing biological diversity. The course focuses on the applications of ecology, population biology, and genetics of the conservation of keystone and rare species and ecosystems. Prerequisite: An undergraduate ecology course is highly recommended.
BIO 6665
Sustainable Development (3)
  This course will increase student awareness of sustainability issues concerning the future survival of humans and other organisms on the planet. The course specifically covers the following: biological diversity trends, human population growth, agriculture and food consumption issues, water use and supplies, global warming and effects on biological diversity, sustainable fisheries, forest products and services, and other issues.
BIO 6670, 6671
Special Topics (1-4)
  Specialized topics not generally included in course offerings. A maximum total of 4 semester hours is allowed for program credit.
BIO 6691
Research Methodology and Experimental Design (3)
  This course will include hands-on statistical experience emphasizing hypothesis testing using a statistical software system. It will combine several elements of research methodology including develop-ing a grant proposal that will include topic selection, literature search, question formulation, methods, statistics, and a budget. Prerequisite: Three semester hours in probability and statistics or permission of instructor. A grade of “B” or better is required.
BIO 6695
Thesis Research (1- 6)
  Under the guidance of the student’s adviser and the chair of the department, the student may pursue original research (independent acquisition and interpretation of data) in a particular area of environmental or biological science. The completion of a thesis is required. The results and conclusions must be successfully defended before the student’s graduate committee. Grading system is Pass / Fail. Prerequisites: 3.0 GPA and permission of the Chair of the Biological and Environmental Sciences department.
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