In 1886, Henderson was elected mayor of Troy at age 26. During his terms as mayor,
Henderson continued his involvement in Troy's business and community development.
In 1887, Henderson was instrumental in the establishment of Troy State Normal School.
On May 7, 1891 Henderson brought electricity to Troy by forming an electric company,
the Troy Utility Department, to produce and sell its own power. Thirteen years later
Henderson brought the telephone to Troy by establishing the Standard Telephone and
Telegraph Company. In 1906, along with his brother Clem Henderson, Charles organized
the Troy Bank and Trust Company. Henderson resigned as mayor in 1906, after being
appointed president of the Alabama Railroad Commission.
Henderson was elected Governor of Alabama in 1915, and was known as "The Business
Governor". Charles Henderson left office in January of 1919. He never returned to
politics, focusing instead on various business and community involvements, including
serving as President of the Troy School Board.
Charles Henderson died in January 1937 after suffering a stroke. He and his wife had
no children. Henderson left the majority of his estate to establish a perpetual trust
to fund education and healthcare in Troy. Henderson's legacy as one of Troy's first
and greatest entrepreneurs is evident today!